This was a terrifying
piece of legislation and there are some uncomfortable parallels with what is happening
In the election the
previous year, Hitler had won 37.37 of the vote. There had been an 89% turn out
at the polls. However, although this gave him the democratic right to take up leadership
the two “runners up” gave him represented a threat. The Social Democratic Party
gained 21.58% and the Communist Party 14.32. This would make it difficult to
push forward any of his party’s ideas.
This time the Nazis
got 43.9% of the vote, the SDP 18.3 and the Communists 12.3. Hitler managed to
make a coalition with National Party (8%).
What the enabling act did
It enabled laws to
be passed without the scrutiny and consent of the Reichstag. This was in order
to “Relieve the stress of the people (das Volk) and the Reich. Germany was in a
bad way. It still owed money as a result of the Great War (1914-1918), it had suffered
from the hyperinflation during the 1920s and the Depression that affected a lot
of the world hit the Germans particularly hard. This was got be a way of getting
legislation through quickly
How did it come to be accepted?
It should not have been all that easy for
Hitler to get this passed. The Communists and the SDP still had a lot of representation
in parliament. In the end though, 444 voted for it and 94 against. 109 were absent.
Significantly none of the Communists voted as they had been banned by now and
the 94 against were all form the SDP.
There was a culture
of bribery and threats.
Consequences of the Act
Hitler was now in a
position to bring in many new laws which helped to further control the people. This included the banning of trade unions and the citizenship and race laws
that were brought in in 1935.
Parallels with today
The current Prime Minister
of the UK prorogued Parliament in 2019 in order to allow Brexit to take place more
have now been made illegal. So, peaceful
protests are still allowed but who defines which are peaceful and which are
There has been a
suggestion that journalists who criticise the government should be jailed.
There seems to be a
culture of fear within Parliament. Why does my local Tory MP toe the party line
to the letter when he only had a very narrow majority over the Labour candidate?
He certainly is not representing me in any of his voting. Shouldn’t he also be representing
the other half of the ward? Whys is he afraid
to do that?
Ordinary people have
been taken in by the charms of a charismatic leader.
Differences for which we should be
At least the proroguing
of parliament was reversed.
We don’t yet have
to have pictures of Boris Johnson in all classrooms and children don’t have to
pay homage to him on daily basis.
No one has been beheaded
for opposing the government – yet.
We don’t have to practise
a greeting every day that includes our leader’s name.
Our charismatic leader
is a scatty, hair-fluffing, lying buffoon who will sooner or later be found out.