Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Being Jewish


Liberation form a death camp


Jews had been hated for a long time.

Since medieval times they had been distrusted e.g. Shylock in The Merchant of Venice.
Even Martin Luther didn't want them 
However, in the 19 century in Germany they were given much more support. Read the extract form Clara's Story on the right.    
When the Nazis took over in 1933 Jews  made up 0.8% of the population i.e. about two people would be Jewish in a class of 30 students   

Nazi Persecution of the Jews Timeline

1933 Jewish shops and businesses are boycotted. Jews are barred from being civil servants or working at a university 
1935 Jews are barred from the armed forces. The Nuremberg laws are enforced and Jews are no longer German citizens
1935 Doctors cannot work at German hospitals.
1937 The Buchenwald concentration camp is built.  
1938 – 9/10 November is Kristallnacht – Germans destroyed Jewish business and Jews are given the bill.
All businesses have to be given up to Germans.
Jewish children can now only go to Jewish schools.
1939 The first ghetto is established in Czechoslovakia.  
1941 The first extermination camp, Belzec, opens
1945 Death marches begin, and are fortunately followed by the liberation of camps 

An extract from Clara's Story  

“What did Frau Hellerman mean about the law being on our side now?” Clara asked Wilhelm later.
“It’s not always been easy for Jews,” her brother replied. “A lot of people don’t like us. But now the law says we have to be treated like any other citizen.”
This was so difficult to understand. They were just like everybody else, weren’t they? So why did they need a law to make them the same as everyone else? 
“Is it just because we don’t believe Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah? Is that why people don’t like us?
Wilhelm laughed. “It’s not that simple, actually. You’ll understand one day. Listen. You’re just in the first stage of your life. Just enjoy it and don’t worry so much.” He turned and left the room.  
It was so annoying. Why did they all treat her like a child? She was almost twelve and would have to pin her hair up soon.       

Why did some Germans hate the Jews?

Discuss these reasons. Do they make sense?  What else can you think of?
They didn't think Jesus Christ was the Messiah.
They had all the best jobs.
They were too rich.
They didn't look German.
They had some funny habits.
They were arrogant.    


Sunday, 7 January 2018

The Kindertransport


Some useful links  

The Kindertransport Association created a quilt which tells the story of the Kinderstransport.
Click on this link and find the quilt: Click on each square and discuss what you think each square tells us.
Here is an account of someone who left at about the same time as Renate:
What it was like arriving in a new home.  

Arriving in a strange land

What do you think it was like arriving in a strange land by ship?
What about all of those journalists?
What might the nurse have been talking about?    
Who was the lady with the children?
Why is the man checking their labels?
These children had a slightly different experience from Renate. They stayed together at a camp. What would be the advantages and disadvantages of this?  
Look at the suitcases. Imagine having the whole of your life in that suitcase. If you suddenly had to leave home and could only take one case like that what would you put in it?
Why did we offer refuge only to children?

What is happening in the picture? 

Who are these women and what are they doing?