Monday, 18 February 2019

The Karl Schubert School Stuttgart

An Advent garden

A short history:

1919 Rudolph Steiner asked Karl Schubert to set up the special class.
1964 the school was recognised by the state.
1969 it moved to new premises 


Watch the two videos on the school's home page:
What do the children learn at the school?

Basic structure and curriculum

There are twelve classes with four to eleven students in each.
They stay with one class teacher until the end of Year 9.
Each class has at least one assistant as well as a teacher.
School is from 8.30 – 15.10 Monday to Wednesday and Thursday and Friday 8.30 – 12.45. From Monday to Wednesday the children get a cooked lunch.
Just like at the Waldorf School, Main Lesson is important and all other subjects are woven into this. Each topic lasts five to six weeks.  
Each day starts with a whole school assembly.

The Kindergarten

This follows the same hours as the school but is for children aged 3-7.
In Germany, school doesn't start until children are seven but they are entitled to go to Kindergarten form three.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of this? And of our system? 


Inclusion is important in this school as it is no doubt in yours.
The Karl Schubert School uses Theatre, Circus, Music, a holiday home and a farm to help.
How do you think these might help? 
Have you any experience of opportunities like these?

More Karl Schubert Schools and Homes:

There are further schools in Leipzig, Vienna, Graz, Filderstadt. Can you find any more?
Find out what you can about the work they do. 
Is it better to separate people like this or keep them in the "main stream"?
„In Ehrfurcht empfangen, in Liebe erziehen, in Freiheit entlassen“
"Received with respect, brought up with love, released in freedom"
That is the motto of the Waldorf schools. Does your school do this?
What about children with special needs like the ones who go to this school?

Wednesday, 30 January 2019

The Children Karl Schubert Worked with


Down's syndrome

Down's syndrome children were known since 300 AD. They were known for:  
·         round, puffy faces,
·         slanted eye
·         epicanthic folds on the eyes
·         a short nose with a broad flat bridge
·         obesity
Discovered 1924
·         “Brushfield spots”, the white or grey spots that often appear on the irises 
In 1920s these children were expected to live until about 35. 

When the Special class was running, they still thought that Down's Syndrome, or Mongolism as it was known, was an ethnic "throw-back" We now know that it happens because of a missing chromosome.
Do you think life would have been better for the children in Karl's class if they had known about the true cause at the time?   Why or why not?
Even today, women who know they are carrying a Down's syndrome child can elect to abort. How does this compare with what the Nazis wanted to do?


Earlier people thought that epileptics were possessed by demons.
There are many types of seizures.
Epilepsy is characterized by a long-term risk of multiple seizures.
Sometimes the seizures are distressing to watch.
The same seizures are not labelled "epilepsy" if they are only temporary - perhaps after a head injury - or because of a tumour.
Medication can slow patients down or cause mood changes or drowsiness.

Why do you think the Nazis disliked epileptics?
Why did people think that epileptics were possessed by a demon?
Is there still prejudice about epileptics now? 
Have you ever seen a seizure? What could you do to make it less disturbing?
Why do you think epileptics made up part of Karl's classes?
What would their special needs be at that time?  

Bi-polar disorder

This disorder was formerly known as 'manic depression'.
The Steiner schools soon developed an aptitude for working well with bi-polar disorder but were better at working with students who were in the "depressive" phase.
It is particularly difficult to diagnose in children and often appears first in teenagers. 
There are several medications but most have side-effects.  

Why would the Nazis not have liked people with bi-polar disorder? 
Can your work out why Steiner teachers in general and Karl Schubert in particular were good with students with bi-polar disorder?
Many people have mood-swings. How does this differ from bi-polar disorder?